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职称英语考试试题《综合A》词汇选项练习(1)

发布时间:2018-08-09 09:22:47

   1.The doctors have abandoned the hope to rescue the old man.

  A. turned up

  B. given up

  C. turned down

  D. give out

  2.It is so urgent that you have to start immediately.

  A. lastly

  B. shortly

  C. recently

  D. presently

  3.It seems that the boss is always finding fault with my work.

  A. evaluating

  B. praising

  C. criticizing

  D. searching

  4.Even if in those developed countries, manual work is still necessary sometimes.

  A. expressive

  B. physical

  C. exaggerated

  D. dubious

  5.He checked the luggage thoroughly to make sure that nothing important is left.

  A. patiently

  B. quickly

  C. completely

  D. basically

  6.He spent one week to draft the commercial contract.

  A. clarify

  B. formulate

  C. revise

  D. contribute

  7.The dentist has decided to extract her bad tooth.

  A. take out

  B. take in

  C. turn out

  D. turn in

  8.The government warned the people of being careful about this kind of contagious disease.

  A. infectious

  B. serious

  C. fatal

  D. worrying

  9.Many fine cooks insist on ingredients of the highest quality.

  A. structure

  B. materials

  C. sections

  D. branches

  10. In order to improve our standard of living, we have to accelerate production.

  A. step up

  B. speed up

  C. take up

  D. hold up

  11. The energy companies launched urgent studies of the Arctic environment.

  A. made

  B. stressed

  C. moved

  D. started

  12. We had an unusually heavy rainfall due to the typhoon, and for a while, traffic becameparalyzed.

  A. disabled

  B. beheld

  C. bathed

  D. bound

  13. The scenery on the way was truly spectacular, with beautiful mountains, rivers and valleys,and I took a lot of pictures from the window.

  A. notorious

  B. amazing

  C. noble

  D. diplomatic

  14. Establishment of a sound insurance system is essential for deepening economic reforms.

  A. accurate

  B. healthy

  C. undisturbed

  D. safe

  15. A cup of whole milk provides roughly one hundred and sixty-six calories of energy.

  A. naturally

  B. approximately

  C. barely

  D. coarsely

  词汇选项试题解析

  1.B。本题是对动词的考查。题干:医生们放弃了救治这位老人的希望。题干划线词abandon意为“放弃”。四个选项:turn up意为“调高音量,出现”,give up意为“放弃”,turn down意为“调低音量,拒绝”,give out意为“分发,发出”,所以正确选项为B。

  2.B。本题是对副词的考查。题干:事情很紧急,所以你必须马上动身。题干划线词immediately意为“立即,马上”。四个选项:lastly意为“最后,最终”,shortly意为“立刻,简短地”,recently意为“近来”,presently意为“目前”,故而正确选项为B。

  3.C。本题是对动词短语的考查。题干:好像老板对我的工作总是很挑剔。题干划线词findfault with意为“挑剔,挑毛病”。四个选项:evaluate意为“评估”;praise意为“赞扬”,criticize意为“批评”,search意为“搜查,研究”,所以C为正确选项。

  4.B。本题是对形容词的考查。题干:即便是在那些发达国家,体力劳动有时候也是必要的。题干划线词manual意为“手工的,体力的”。四个选项:expressive意为“表达的”,physical意为“物理的,体力的”,exaggerated意为“夸张的”,dubious意为“可疑的”,可知正确选项为B。

  5.C。本题是对副词的考查。题干:他彻底地把行李检查了一遍,确保重要东西都没有落下。题干划线词thoroughly意为“完全地,彻底地”。四个选项:patiently意为“耐心地”,quickly意为“快速地”,completely意为“完全,彻底”,basically意为“基本地”,所以正确选项为C。

  6.B。本题是对动词的考查。题干:他花了一周时间来起草这份商业合同。题干划线词draft意为“起草”。四个选项:clarify意为“澄清”,formulate意为“制定,明确说明”,revise意为“修订”,contribute意为“做贡献”,可知正确选项为B。

  7.A。本题是对动词的考查。题干:牙医决定拔掉她的这颗坏牙。题干划线词extract意为“提取,抽取”。四个选项:take out意为“拿出来”,take in意为“吸收”,turn out意为“结果是……”,turn in意为“上交”,所以正确选项为A。

  8.A。本题是对形容词的考查。题干:政府警告人们要小心这种传染病。题干划线词contagious意为“感染性的,蔓延的”。四个选项:infectious意为“传染的”,serious意为“严重的,严肃的”,fatal意为“致命的”,worrying意为“焦虑的”,故正确选项为A。

  9.B。本题是对名词的考查。题干:许多厨师都坚持食物原料的最高质量。题干划线词ingredient意为“原料,成分”。四个选项:structure意为“结构,构造”,material意为“材料,物质”,section意为“部分,部门”,branch意为“树枝,分支”,因此正确选项为B。

  10.B。本题是对动词的考查。题干:为了提高生活标准,我们必须加快生产。题干划线词accelerate意为“加速,增加”。四个选项:step up意为“提高,走近”,speed up意为“加速,加快”,take up意为“占据,从事”,hold up意为“举起,阻拦”,因而正确选项为B。

  11.D。本题是对动词的考查。题干:能源公司发起了对北极环境的紧急研究。题干划线词launch意为“发射,发起,发动”。四个选项:make意为“做”;stress意为“强调”;move意为“移动”;start意为“开始,开展”。分析可知,launch在此处表示“发起,开展”,故答案为D。

  12.A。本题是对动词的考查。题干:由于台风影响,我们这里有非同寻常的大雨,交通一时陷于瘫痪。题干划线词paralyze意为“瘫痪”,与disable意思相近。behold意为“看,注释”;bath意为“洗浴”;bound常用于短语be bound to,意思是“有可能做某事”。故选A项。

  13.B。本题是对形容词的考查。题干:一路的风景真是美妙壮观,有漂亮的山峰、山谷,还有河流,我透过窗户照了很多照片。spectacular意为“壮观的”,只有amazing可与之替换,意为“令人惊讶的”。notorious意为“臭名昭著的”;noble意为“高尚的,高贵的”;diplomatic意为“外交的”。故选B项。

  14.B。本题是对形容词的考查。,题干:建立健全的保险系统对深化改革是至关重要的。题干划线词sound意为“健全的,健康的,完好的”。四个选项:accurate意为“准确的,精确的”;healthy意为“健康的22;undisturbed意为“未受干扰的”;safe意为“安全的”。故答案为B。

  15.B。本题是对副词的考查。题干:一杯牛奶大约能提供166卡路里的能量。roughly意为“大约”,与approximately同义。naturally意为“自然地”;barely意为“几乎不”;coarsely意为“粗糙地”。故选B项。

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