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职称英语考试试题《综合B》词汇选项练习(1)

发布时间:2018-08-09 09:23:43

   词汇选项

  1.Formulated in 1823, the Monroe Doctrine asserted that the Americas were no longer open to European colonization.

  A. stated firmly

  B. argued light-mindedly

  C. thought seriously

  D. announced regrettably

  2.The number of United States citizens who are eligible to vote continues to increase.

  A. encouraged

  B. enforced

  C. expected

  D. entitled

  3. During the Second World War, all important resources in the U.S. were allocated by the federal government.

  A. nationalized

  B. commandeered

  C. taxed

  D. distributed

  4.It is postulated that population trends have an effect on economic fluctuations.

  A. challenged

  B. assumed

  C. deducted

  D. decreed

  5.She seemed to have detected some anger in his voice.

  A. noticed

  B. heard

  C. realized

  D. got

  6.The new style of shoes appeals to those students.

  A. arises

  B. absorbs

  C. attracts

  D. accepts

  7.It remains a puzzle about why our outermost planet exists.

  A. problem

  B. mystery

  C. question

  D. point

  8.Before you decide on a vocation, it might be a good idea to consult a few good friends.

  A. career

  B. holiday

  C. plan

  D. research

  9.There are various ways to solve the problem.

  A. same

  B. man

  C. helpful

  D. different

  10. The house was seriously destroyed.

  A. slightly

  B. heavily

  C. obviously

  D. sadly

  11. The most pressing problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.

  A. puzzling

  B. difficult

  C. terrifying

  D. urgent

  12. I visited this famous writer now and then.

  A. always

  B. occasionally

  C. constantly

  D. regularly

  13. It seems inevitable for people to make such a mistake.

  A. strange

  B. certain

  C. inconsistent

  D. proper

  14. You should take many factors into consideration when going for an interview.

  A. thought

  B. mind

  C. account

  D. memory

  15. Even in a highly modernized country, manual work is still needed.

  A. expressive

  B. physical

  C. exaggerated

  D. mental

  1.A。句意:制定于1823年的门罗主义政策宣称美洲不再是欧洲的殖民地。本题是对动词的考查。题干划线词asserted意为“断然宣称”, stated firmly意为“坚定地宣称”,arguedlight—mindedly意为“随意地争论”, thought seriously意为“严肃地思考”,announced regrettably意为“遗憾地宣布”,故A正确。

  2.D。句意:有资格投票的美国人的数量持续增长。本题是对形容词的考查。题干划线词eligible to意为“有权力的,有资格的”, encouraged意为“鼓励”,enforced意为“强迫”,expected意为“期望”,entitled意为“给……权利”,可知D项正确。

  3.D。句意:在第二次世界大战期间,美国所有的重要资源都由联邦政府统一分配。本题是对动词的考查。题干划线词allocated意为“分配”,nationalized意为“全国化”,commandeered意为“征用”, taxed意为“收税”,distributed意为“分配,分销”。因此本题选D。

  4.B。句意:人们认为人口动态对经济波动有一定影响。本题是对动词的考查。题干划线词postulated意为“猜测,假设”,challenged意为“挑战”,assume意为“猜测,假象”,deducted意为“推测”, decreed意为“颁布法令”,故选B。

  5.A。句意:她似乎已经察觉出他声音中的愤怒。题干划线词detect常见的意思有两种:“察觉”和“侦查”,在这个句子中是第一种意思。选项中noticed意为“注意到”,heard意为“听到”,realized意为“意识到”,90t意为“得到”。因此A为正确答案。

  6.C。句意:鞋的新款式很吸引那些学生。本题是对短语的考查。题干划线词appeal t0意为“吸引,诉诸”arise意为“出现,上升”,absorb意为“吸收”, attract意为“吸引”,accept意为“接受”,所以正确答案为C。

  7.B。句意:离我们最远的行星为什么会存在这一问题仍然是个谜,本题是对名词的考查。题干划线词puzzle意为“谜,难题”, problem意为“问题”,mystery意为“神秘”,question意为“问题”, point意为“点,意义”,所以正确答案为B。

  8.A。句意:在你决定所选职业之前,或许咨询一些好朋友会是个不错的主意。本题是对名词的考查。题干划线词vocation意为“职业”, career意为“职业”,holiday意为“假期”,plan意为“计划”, research意为“研究,调查”,所以正确答案为A。

  9.D。句意:解决这个问题有多种办法。本题是对形容词的考查。题干划线词various意为“多样的,不同的”,same意为“相同的”,many意为“许多的”,helpful意为“有帮助的”,different意为“不同的”,所以正确答案为D。

  10.B。句意:这座房屋被严重损毁了。本题是对副词的考查。题干划线词seriously意为“严肃地,严重地”,slightly意为“轻微地,略微地”,heavily意为“重地,严重地”,obviously 意为“明显地”,sadly意为“悲哀地”,所以正确答案为B。

  11.D。句意:对任何经济体制来说,其所面临的最紧迫的问题都是如何利用其稀缺的资源。本题是对形容词的考查。题干划线词pressing意为“紧急的,紧迫的”,选项puzzling意为“令人费解的,令人迷惑的”,difficult意为“困难的”,terrifying意为“令人害怕的,令人恐惧的”,urgent意为“紧急的,迫切的”,所以正确答案为D。

  12.B。句意:我不时地看望这位著名作家。本题是对词组的考查。题干划线词now and then意为“不时地”,选项中always意为“总是”,occasionally意为“偶尔”,constantly意为“不断地,经常地”,regularly意为“定期地,有规律地”,所以正确答案为B。

  13.B。句意:人们犯这种错误是在所难免的。本题是对形容词的考查。题干划线词inevitable意为“不可避免的”,选项strange意为“奇怪的”,certain意为“必然的,确定的”,inconsistent意为“不一致的”,proper意为“适当的,恰当的”,故正确答案为B。

  14.C。句意:进行采访时你要把多种因素考虑进去。本题是对名词的考查,但实际考查的是词组take…into consideration,意为“将……考虑在内”。四个选项中,只有take…intoaccount意为“将……考虑在内”,所以正确答案为C。

  15.B。句意:甚至在一个高度现代化的国家,体力劳动也仍然是需要的。本题是对形容词的考查。题干划线词manual意为“手工的,体力的”,选项中expressive意为“表现的,表达的”,physical意为“身体的,体力的”,exaggerated意为“夸张的,夸大的”,mental意为“精神的,脑力的”,所以正确答案为B。

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