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2018年大学英语六级翻译试题:丝绸之路5篇

发布时间:2018-11-08 17:44:31

 2018年大学英语六级翻译试题:丝绸之路5篇

  第一篇
  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
  丝绸之路是历史上连接中国和地中海的一条重要贸易路线。因为这条路上的丝绸贸易占多数,故而在1877年被德国的一位杰出的地理学家命名为“丝绸之路”。同时,丝绸之路也是其他许多商品进行交易的主干线,也是传播技术的一条主要通道。通过丝绸之路传入中国的事物中意义最为重大的当属佛教。中国的养蚕技术、生铁锻造技术和灌溉技术曾通过丝绸之路传播到中亚、南亚和欧洲。
  参考译文
  The Silk Route is an important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean in history. Since silk accounted for a large proportion of trade along this route, in 1877, it was named the Silk Route by an eminent German geographer. In the meantime, this route served as an artery of exchange for many other products, and more importantly, their technology. One of the most significant objects introduced to China via the Silk Route is Buddhism. Chinese techniques of silkworm breeding, iron smelting and irrigation spread to Central and Southern Asia and to Europe.
  第二篇
  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
  丝绸之路(the Silk Road)是中国古代最著名的贸易路线。在这条路上运输的商品中,丝绸占很大部分,因此得名“丝绸之路”。丝绸之路起点始于长安。终点远达印度、罗马等国家。丝绸之路从汉代开始形成,到唐代达到鼎盛,骆驼曾是丝绸之路上的主要交通工具。中国的造纸、印刷等伟大发明通过这条路传播到了西方,而佛教等宗教也被引入中国。丝绸之路不仅仅是古代国际贸易路线,更是连接亚洲、非洲、欧洲的文化桥梁。
  参考译文:
  The Silk Road is the most well-known trade route in ancient China. It got its name because silk comprised a large proportion of commodities transported along this road. The Silk Road extended from Chang'an to countries as far as India and Rome. It came into being during the Han Dynasty and reached its peak in the Tang Dynasty. With camels being the major means of transportation, great inventions in China, such as paper-making and printing were spread to the Western world along this road and religions like Buddhism were also introduced to China. The Silk Road was not only an ancient international trade route, but also a cultural bridge linking Asia with Africa and Europe.
  第三篇
  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
  闻名于世的丝绸之路是一系列连接东西方的路线。丝绸之路延伸6,000多公里,得名于古代中国的丝绸贸易。丝绸之路上的贸易在中国、南亚、欧洲和中东文明发展中发挥了重要作用。正是通过丝绸之路,中国的造纸、火药、指南针、印刷术等四大发明才被引介到世界各地。同样,中国的丝绸、茶叶和瓷器(porcelain)也传遍全球。物质文化的交流是双向的,欧洲也通过丝绸之路出口各种商品和植物,满足中国市场的需求。
  参考译文
  The well-known Silk Road is a series of routes linking the East and the West. Extending over 6,000 kilometers, the Silk Road got its name from the silk trade in ancient China. Trades on the Silk Road played significant roles in the development of the civilizations of China, South Asia, Europe and the Middle East. It is through the Silk Road that the Four Great Inventions in China-paper-making, gun powder, compass and printing-were introduced to all over the world. Likewise, silk, tea and porcelain spread globally from China as well. Since the exchange of the material culture is always a two-way phenomenon, Europe has also exported various commodities and plants by means of the Silk Road to meet the needs of the Chinese market.
  第四篇
  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
  丝绸之路(the Silk Road)是历史上连接中国和地中海的一条重要贸易路线。因为这条路上的丝绸贸易占绝大部分,所以在1877年它 被德国的一位地理学家命名为“丝绸之路”。这条古道从长安开始, 经过河西走廊(the Hexi Corridor),到达敦煌后分成三条:南部路线, 中部路线和北部路线。这三条路遍布新疆维吾尔自治区(Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region),然后扩展到巴基斯坦(Pakistan),印度, 甚至罗马。
  参考译文
  The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Because silk comprised a large proportion of trade along this road, in 1877, it was named the Silk Road by an eminent German geographer. This ancient road begins at Chang’an, then by way of the Hexi Corridor,and it reaches Dunhuang, where it divides into three, the Southern Route,Central Route and North¬ern Route. The three routes spread all over the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and then they extend as far as Pakistan, India and even Rome.
  第五篇
  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
  丝绸之路
  “丝绸之路”是指起始于古代中国,连接亚洲、非洲和欧洲的古代路上商业贸易路线。狭义上讲指陆上丝绸之路。广义上讲分为陆上丝绸之路和海上丝绸之路。“陆上丝绸之路”形成于于公元前2世纪与公元1世纪间,直至16世纪仍保留使用,以西汉时期长安为起点(东汉时为洛阳),经河西走廊到敦煌。“海上丝绸之路”形成于秦汉时期。
  参考译文
  The Silk Road
  The "Silk Road" refers to the ancient commercial trade routes starting from China and connecting Asia, Africa and Europe. In a broad sense, it is divided into the silk road on the land and silk road on the sea. The "land silk road" opened between the 2nd century BC and the 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century. It started from Chang’an in the Western Han Dynasty (or Luoyang in the Eastern Han Dynasty) to Dunhuang via the Gansu Corridor. The "silk road on the sea" formed in the Qin and Han Dynasty.
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